Legends and tales from„The Small Transylvania” (The Barsa Land )
Barsa Land, also called Carpathian Curvature or Brasov Basin, is a historical and ethnographic region in south-eastern Transylvania, with Brasov the most important town.The name “the Land of Bârsa” seems to come from the hydronym “Bârsa”, which is one the main watercourses flowing in the depression of Brașov , a river crossing the Land of Bârsa from South-West to North-East, disemboguing into River Olt near Feldioara.
From Birsa name region, whose capital is Brasov (probably both names with the same origin) derived Bîrsan (Barsana) designating long and rough wool (turcana).
Barsa Land to Transylvania, is nothing less than a city between the mountains. In this natural fortress on the border between East and West met roads of history and civilizations, with their extraordinary ethnic and cultural infusion, with continuous movement of people and values.
„Little Transylvania” and as they say, holds many legends and stories. I searched and I gathered for you some of the most beautiful and interesting stories.
According to legend King Solomon was a Hungarian, who is struggling to escape his pursuers Turks in this region. He jumped with his horse over the abyss of the gorge of Schei, and enemies have fallen all the water, and then it took his name. Today, many of Brasov choose the place for relaxation and barbecues.
Legend of the Temple of Sinca Veche
Known as the Temple Ursitelor it presumed that existed for about 7000 years and is believed to have belonged to the same civilization who founded the Temple of the White Snake Island. Sinca Veche is next village,on the hill Plesu. In this Temple there are rooms of worship and shrines with strange sculptures, including the Star of David, signs of Yin and Yang. Tower interior, where light falls is 10 meters high and resembles a roofless tower. Locals say that there descends positive energy and below the ground, there was a communication tunnel to the city Rasnov. This Temple used to be a refuge and prayer place for the transilvanian monks hunted in the 1700s by Maria Tereza, in order to change their belief to Catholicism.
The Bran Castle Legend
Dracula, the famous legend of the vampire from Transylvania, was inspired by the works of former ruler of the Romanian Country, Vlad Tepes (1431-1476). To impose order in the country, he resorted to brutal methods, extremely bloody, the punishment of transgression. The best known was impaled. Therefore the Saxon merchants from Brasov, who entered into conflict with the Impaler, added other dreadful acts, that he fed on flesh and blood enemies. Saxon stories survived over the years, reaching the ears of the Irish writer Bram Stoker and becoming the inspiration for creating the famous Dracula.
Dietrich’s Legend is related to the construction of Bran Castle. It is said that the bedrock of the castle was made by a Teutonic knight, named Dietrich, somewhere in the 13th century. Teutons intended, through this new fort, to defend the gates of Transylvania and support the potentially new conquests in the outer Carpathians. The name of the rock that the castle was builtinitially took the Knight name known as „Dietrichstein”. There after, on the late 14th century, the Saxons of Barsa fortress rebuilt the fortress, becoming what is now seen to Bran Castle.
The disciple statue of the Black Church
On the counterfort of the northern Black Church is a strange statue, showing a child who seemed ready to fall. Legend says that child was a very talented apprentice, who stirred the envy of one of the craftsmen who worked to raise the church. That crtaftsman asked the apprentice to raise something on the edge cornice, and when the young man bent down, he pushed him and fell to load. The statue is tribute by his colleagues. Once, on one side of the church, there were three other statues, representing a warrior, a woman and a lion which in time were destroyed.
The Pagans Church
On the road to Poiana Brasov there is a strange rock, popularly known today as „The Pagans Church”. It said that in ancient pagan times, there was indeed a temple here.About this place it says that during one of the many sieges of Rasnov, when the Turks were defeated, a few riders refugees were lost in woods nearby. Because they were afraid that local people will hunt them,they hid in a cave. Therefore they remained hidden for a while in the forest and there they built a stone sacrifice table and a house.Here comes the place name, preserved until today as „The Pagans Church”
All this proves once again that we have a beautiful country full of mysteries and legends, we have many things to see and admire!